New guidance has been issued by the government to encourage housing developers to fund the school places their developments create.
It will support local authorities to negotiate what funding and land is required from housing developers for new schools and school expansions.
Developers already contribute to the cost of new infrastructure, including schools, but council requirements vary around the country.
The new guidance will support local authorities to secure vital funding where development puts pressure on school places.
It states that where developments mean new schools are necessary local authorities can seek both funding for construction and for suitable land to be set aside.
Alternatively, developers may build schools themselves rather than contributing money to councils.
Schools Minister Lord Agnew, said: “It isn’t enough for developers simply to build houses; we need to build communities. Schools are at the centre of any community and that’s why it’s vital that developers contribute to the cost of the school places they create.
“This Government is already undertaking a huge expansion in school places, with one million new places on track to be created this decade. But schools can still find themselves under pressure from new housing developments, and where they do it’s right that where appropriate developers support these costs.
“Today’s guidance ensures that local authorities can establish their needs for school places so that the right contributions from developers are secured as part of the planning process. In some instances, public funding may be used but only to the minimum extent necessary.”
New Schools Network Director Luke Tryl said: “We welcome the clarity this guidance provides local authorities on how developers can help contribute to the provision of new schools. We hope it will minimise the amount of time schools planned as part of housing developments spend in the pre-opening phase, while land acquisition and access are negotiated.”
Educational Building and Development Officers Group (EBDOG) Chair Graham Olway said: “We are delighted to have worked with DfE on this guidance, which will be instrumental in explaining to planners and developers what sites and contributions we need for schools, and how they should be provided. Negotiating developer contributions is often a very complicated, drawn out process, but having government guidance on the subject should make the negotiations more straightforward.”
This guidance on establishing the contributions required for schools is published following updated Planning Practice Guidance , which ensures that funding for schools is properly considered when housing developments are planned.